Misinterpretation of the caste system in Mauritius

According to socio-historical theory, the caste system began in India. The “Varna Dharma”, that is the division of labour in society, consisted of four ‘Varnas’ or major groups namely the “Brāhman”, the “Kshatriya”, the “Vaishya” and the “Shūdra”. From an organic analogy, the “Brāhman” was like the brain in the body, as its representatives were responsible for spiritual and intellectual matters. Political administration and defense were entrusted to the “Kshatriya”, who was seen as the arms of the body. As for the “Vaishya”, he was like the thighs and so he had to supply food to the nation and administer its economic welfare. At last, the “Shūdra” for his part did menial work for he was considered the feet of the body. Thus, this classification was effected on the worth of the individual and not according to his birth. However, over the years, people have misinterpreted the “Varna Dharma”. In fact, each ‘Varna’ consists of different ‘jatis’ or castes. According to the Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950, excluding tribes, there are around 896 castes groups in India, like for example in Bihar, there were the ‘Dusadh’, ‘Chamar’, ‘Turi’ and ‘Pasi’, amongst others.

In this ever changing world, the reality of Mauritius has become complex. This is because the Hindus in our country have wrongly interpreted the “Varna Dharma”. The irony is that they don’t even have full knowledge of the different ‘jatis’ or castes and they have even failed to understand that the “Varna Dharma” was a division of labour according to the different aptitudes, capacities or qualities of people. People had a sort of achieved status. Nevertheless, the ‘varna of Brāhmans’ commonly identified with the priests and learned class, is the “Maraze” in Mauritius. The ‘varna of Kshatriyas’ associated with rulers and warriors including property owners, are the “Baboojee” in Mauritius. Besides, the ‘varna of Vaishyas’ associated with businessmen, farmers and traders are the “Vaish” in Mauritius and are also in Majority on the island. At last, the ‘varna of Shūdras’, that is the servile labourers, are the “Rajput” (or “Dusadh”) and the “Ravived” (or “Chamar”) in Mauritius.

The way the castes are arranged in Mauritius is preposterous. Hindus have failed to realize that we live in an open society where social mobility is present. Education is the most important factor explaining this social mobility, that is, through the acquisition of knowledge and skills, people are getting jobs with attractive salaries and which carry high statuses. Even a child of ‘low caste’ can move up the social ladder. I feel that many Hindus blindly follow what they have been taught about their caste. Nowadays, the many so-proud “Maraze” work as labourers when they should according to their ‘Varna’, be priests or teachers. Surprisingly, a lot of the “Shūdras” have moved up the social ladder becoming ministers, lawyers and so on. One most humorous thing to take heed is that in Mauritius, one of the “Shūdras” castes is called “Rajput”, while in India, “Rajput” refers to one of the highest castes that of the bravest soldiers and Kings of Rajasthan in Northern India. Another ironical thing I have noticed is that people who have lost their Indian values, for example, people who choose not to study Hindi at school, and prefer European shows to Indian ones, are the very same people who definitely do not understand the caste system and boast unnecessarily too much about their castes.

Here, in Mauritius, it is the politicians who exploit the caste system for their own benefit. As long as people will depend on current politics, the caste system is bound to stay. The different organizations like the “Vaish Mukti Sangh”, the “Gahlot Rajput Maha Sabha”, the Arya Ravived Pracharini Sabha”, amongst others, according to Dr. Hollup (1996)“these caste populations have emerged as important interest groups bargaining for their share of state resources (particularly government jobs) which are distributed through political patronage.” The politicians know well how to divide people to get the maximum advantage, especially in rural constituencies where very often we find the canvas of one “Vaish”, one “Rajput” and one “Ravived” as candidates. It is disappointing to note that people fail to realize that they are being taken advantage of, for other people’s benefits. I feel that the notion of caste has become an object of frequent abuse at vested hands like for example in the case of politicians whose aims are to obtain more votes during elections.

On a concluding note therefore, the reality of Mauritius is getting more complex. It is to be noted that for some people, the caste system is historical, symbolic and for many, philosophical. For some, it is something to be proud of. For others, it means putting down other people. It is high time to get rid of this caste system. Even India has legally abolished its caste system, yet we the diluted Hindus are still holding on to it.

“There is only one caste, the caste of humanity”.

Therefore, I feel that we have to stop being radical. It is really time that we take responsibility for our own actions and biases because caste and societal divisions are the testimony of Mauritian hypocrisy.

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Author:

I just go on do things naturally whatsoever I feel to do, whatsoever I feel to say because I don't have any obligation to anybody, I don't have any commitment to anybody. I don't belong to any party line. I am absolutely free to be funny, to be shocking. I don't even bother about contradicting myself because to me it seems a person who remains consistent his/her whole life must be an idiot. A growing person has to contradict himself/herself many times because who knows what tomorrow brings in? Tomorrow may cancel this day completely. I am ready to go on with life with no hesitation. Contradictions have something of tremendous value. They appear a contradiction to the intellect. But deep down contradictions are compensatory. They depend on each other.

37 thoughts on “Misinterpretation of the caste system in Mauritius

  1. -The discourse of Hindus and anchored caste system has often been used by Newspapers to do Hindu bashing especially pre and post elections especially when a Hindu prime Minister wins.

    -Who are the “hindus” who believe in caste system?

    Youngsters, Old people or older people from very past generations.

    -What is the influence of Caste System in Mauritius?

    Does it determine getting a job?

    Does it determine marriage?

    Does it determine with whom you talk, meet and share stuffs?

    Does it determine geography? Like a kshatriya dominated region versus a shudra dominated region?

    -My point is this caste system issue has always been hyperbolised and presented in its worst form to demean Hindus and question their ‘intelligence’ as voters.

  2. I totally agree with the points you raised and and your standpoint vis-a-vis this notion of caste system. It is an undeniable fact that this issue has always been manipulated by the business industry and it sure jeopardizes the Mauritian unity. I just hope that, people especially Hindus as is the question here, become conscious voters and not fall prey of politicians or political parties on and on at the eve of elections as it has always been the case.

  3. Read Caste in Mauritius by Atma Doolooa and The Dirty Indian by the same author. I don’t mind people call me chamar because I am a chamar. Don’t call me inferior because I keep proving people and their limited thoughts wrong. I hope you can change people around you.

  4. I have read “Caste in Mauritius” by Doolooa, A. I shall surely read “The Dirty Indian”. I hope I shall be able to change people mindset concerning this issue. Thank you for reading Kavi. 🙂

    1. “Never be afraid to raise your voice for honesty and truth and compassion against injustice and lying and greed. If people all over the world…would do this, it would change the earth.”

    1. “The world as we have created it is a process of our thinking. It cannot be changed without changing our thinking.”

  5. Whenever someone’s ask you about your caste then your answer should be to them is:
    I am a Brahmin in knowledge
    I am kshatriya in valor
    I am vaishya in business
    I m shudra in service
    In the end I am just sanatam dharmi hindu and nothing else..Then say you proud to be a hindu..

  6. well said cutie…the basis of caste system does not stand good…so why use them. ..if you follow hindu religion because you inherited that..then you are a hindu that’s all….where does caste come in…am sure above 90% of the young generation do not know their exact caste

    1. Always put yourself in the other’s shoes. if you feel that it hurts you, it probably hurts the person too….. if you are sc n someone treated you very badly n called you as reserved category ke log n called you beggar…i m sure you feel very bad the same they feel..n congratulation some of them gone to abroad bcoz after getting 90% marks they dont get govt job but they well settle in abroad n there nobody called lower caste people n disrespect..we have to change our thinking if sc are not getting job too even not general…but plz stop playing this game sc general n general sc…we all are hindu..no one is others n no one is out of caste our religion n caste are same we all called as hindu..we are hating n rejecting our own people…if you believe HINDU religion has four community like brahmin,kshtriya,vaishya n shudra then why treated fourth community so badly n cut off from the hindu religion…who devide society into caste line if people dont do this nobody would ever still treated so badly..n can you answer of this question if hindu religion has four communty then why you put them to sc category n in general category there are only three community also included sikh, muslim but why not sc…just think about it..or sc mein lower sikh lower muslim n lower christian bhi hai but they still have only 25% n general have 75%…fir bhi rona dhona…plz stop this castesim..live like human being not like devil..

    2. sab jan (people) janmein eik beech (seed) se, sabki mitti ek.

      mann mein duvidha padd gai ho gaye roop aaneik..

      unche kul ( high caste) ke karan tu duniya bhul raha hai.

      jab tan (body) mitti ho jaye tab kul ka hoga kya..

      kehat kabir na garav ( proud) kar na kisi ki hasi uda.

      abhi teri bhi naiya (boat) samudra ( sea) mein jane ke ho jaye..

      jo tu sacha baniya sabse ek sa bol.

      unch neech ka bhedh ( discrimination) chod ek barabar tol..

    3. All Hindu communities in the country follow the varnashram system of Aryans and have divided the society in four castes – Kshatryas, Brahmins, Vaishyas and Shudras. Sindhis do not have such division in their society. They never followed a rigid caste system. That is why Sindhis are considered to be only businessmen. All members of the society inter-mingle with one another without any consideration of four castes of Aryans. There are no untouchables in Sindhis…..These religion and caste set up by mad and stupid people to control others not by god…who are still mentally sick they are following this castesim blindly..i must say be like all sindhi..leave these castesim and make only one hindu religion like sindhi religion dont create any caste,community and class…bcs its only give you tension and create problems for your own self..

    4. who divided society in caste line……only stupid and mentally sick hindu..first change your thinking that all people as a human being so the system ll be change itself understood..be like sindhi religion, make one religion and killed the bloody varan system n caste system…you ll b more happiest person in this world if you all mad hindu change ur narrow minded thinking about these caste n class…Because “I believe in recognizing every human being as a human being–neither white, black, brown, or red; and when you are dealing with humanity as a family there’s no question of integration or intermarriage. It’s just one human being marrying another human being or one human being living around and with another human being.”

    5. You cannot put people in high and low rank the basis of religious belief and caste. But those people do this who has a problem in their mind.

    6. God doesn’t need Brahmin priest, god isn’t so narrow minded. god accept everyone. actually Brahmin priest needs god to make money.

    7. Be a nice human being is important not to have a good or high religion and caste.We need to work towards uniting the nation instead of splitting it. Work towards a society in which there will be no lower castes and no upper castes. We need to respect the way people live instead of looking at where they were born.

  7. The brahmin community has been one of the dirty communities which has planned strategically to fool people in the name of god by generating the highest donations in the temple, doing business to fool and loot money in the name of puja, death, marriage, new home… For any occasion, there’s one puja. They charge very high prices and take away all the items after the puja. They have created prostitution in the name of devadasis. They suppress jobs and employment and welfare and equality are destroyed. they have destroyed the Indian medical system. They have killed Indian medical science like siddha vaidhyam and created ayurveda and carnatic music by destroying dravidian music. Even today they have the temples under their control. They say they don’t like untouchables, but they have always been sexually harassing low caste women….first look at your community then speak about anybody else community which is only created by mad people not by GOD.

  8. Always remember one thing in ur life when u abuse lower caste by saying dalit n chamaar then u abusing yourself n ur own religion..bcoz if u accepted that hindu religion is one n these religion has four community like:brahmin,kshatriya,vaishya,shudra.shudra means pure (pure from soul n heart)..then let me remind u fourth community also come under hindu religion they are also hindu to whom u abuse as dalit n chamaar…so you are not abusing them but abusing yourself n your own religion too..

  9. i just believe in humanity not this stupid castesim…i want to tell all lower caste people if upper caste against of reservation n some day it ll b stop then u dont need to follow this stupid religion n caste okh…whenever someone ask about ur caste just tell them u r hindu n proudly say u r also brahmin okh….castesim aise hi khatam hogi sabhi brahmin hi bano….or itne intelligent bano or smart bano ki brahmino ko bhi sharm mehsoos ho khudh par….castesim aise hi khatam hogi…jis community ko baar baar lower bola ja raha hai dalit bola ja raha agr wohi community nhi rahi t5b kisko bolenge tb number lagega…kshtriya or vaishya ka…tb pata chalega lower hona kya hota hai..jb reservation nhi toh kya bataoge kya caste hai proudly bolo hum brahmin hai..samjhe..hum hindu hai

  10. All Hindu communities in the country follow the varnashram system of Aryans and have divided the society in four castes – Kshatryas, Brahmins, Vaishyas and Shudras. Sindhis do not have such division in their society. They never followed a rigid caste system. That is why Sindhis are considered to be only businessmen. All members of the society inter-mingle with one another without any consideration of four castes of Aryans. There are no untouchables in Sindhis…..these religion and caste set up by mad and stupid people to control others not by god…who are still mentally sick they are following this castesim blindly..i must say be like all sindhi…tum hindu logo se toh yeh sindhi soh guna ache or intelligent hai..jo jante hai society ko ek kar ke kaise rakhna hai..

  11. ITS surprising that even after centuries the caste system is still haunting in Mauritius. It was the great conspiracy by a few against the majority population ever committed in human history.
    However, life goes on and despite all odds now there are positive move / development in the life of the Dalits in India.

  12. The Dusadh community belongs to the Gahlot Rajputs. The original Gahlots branched off into 24 branches and 21st branch was named as Dusadh. They initially belonged to the Gahlot Rajput clans and lost their status under different unfavourable circumstances. Migration from one place to another was one of the main reasons. It is evident from many authentic resources that they migrated from Rajasthan and Delhi. Alha and Udal came to Varanasi and Gaya in Bihar to protect the temples. Dusadhs settled there and other nearby places without any land or property. Many returned too. Alha Udal bade ladaiya jinse haar gayi talwar (meaning “Alha and Udal were such great fighters that even swords were defeated by them”), the folklore of Alha and Udal, is still sung in the heartland of Bundelkhand. According to folklore, Alha was invincible, made immortal by the goddess Sharda. The shrine of the goddess is at Maihar in Madhya Pradesh (India). Alha gifted his head to Sharda after cutting it off with a sword. The goddess, extremely pleased by the act, made him immortal. Alha also had two maternal brothers, Malkhan and Sulkhan. Malkhan had enormous strength, represented in the sentence, “das das haathi bhuj par taule” (meaning “ten elephants were weighed by him on one hand”).

    Alha had a sword given to him by his uncle Parmal, the ruler of Mahoba. The sword was said to be from heaven and no weapon could match its fury. Authors still write versions of Alha-Khand, including Lumbardar Thakur Amol Singh Bhadauriya of Kanpur district. The people who listen to a recital of the Alha-Khand are filled with a warrior spirit and fearlessness. They honor the code of the Kshatriya warriors and the courage shown in the gruesome, difficult battles fought by them. “Aadi bhawani durga tose bada na koy aath khand nau dweep mei toy kare so hoy” (meaning “oh great goddess of war, the oldest of old, the sole reason for evolution of the world, nobody is above you; what is happening in this world is done by your power only.”).[clarification needed] The warriors of Mahoba were unbeatable. They worshiped goddess and sword and hence were undefeated.[clarification needed]

  13. The army of Nawab Siraj-ud-daulah mainly consisted of Dusadh soldiers. Robert Clive also deployed 2100 dusadh sepoys for the upcoming battle and later won it. The dusadhs never accepted the british allegiance and refused to surrender. The Britishers, after winning the battle of Plassey, stripped the Dusadhs off their lands, properties and assets and conspired in every way they could to wipe out the community completely. They declared them as criminal caste. The Britisher became aware of the devotion of the Dusadhs towards their land(nation) and to protect it even at the cost of their lives. The Britishers started calling them thieves, criminals, the Robbers and did everything to make them socially and economically backward.

  14. The fact of the matter is there is a slight issue with the supposed caste system in Mauritius. Most north Indians in Mauritius come from UP/Bihar. Maraz = coolie pandits/priests. Baboojee = coolie sirdars/zamindars (because of sirdar status, it has been equated to kshatriya) – please note they are not the Bhumihars of Bihar, there are no Bhumihars in Mauritius. Vaish = coolie 100 different castes such as kurmi, koeri, teli etc etc. About 50% of them are considered as scheduled caste in Bihar (same as Raviveds). Rajput = coolie Dusadh. Ravived = coolie chamar/mushar. Now it can be seen from the above that the only ones of kshartriya status are the Baboojees (sirdar status meant better access to education/rise in social status, upward mobility to kshatriya – something which by the way does not exist in Bihar).

    However, why is the Dusadh caste called Rajput in Mauritius (and Bihar/UP)? That is because they are Guhilot Rajputs from the Suryavanshi lineage. They hail from a community in Bihar which migrated from Rajasthan around 1300 AD, after destruction of the Somnath Temple in Gujrat in western India by Allauddin Khilji’s army. Dusadh literally translates to indomitable soldier, and the correct sanskritized version is Dusadhya. They fought the moghul islamic invasion that was ravaging north India. And the soldiers fought the invasion wherever it was, finally settling in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. In Bihar, unlike in Rajasthan where Gehlot Rajputs are one of the topmost castes, the Dusadh clan is considered a Scheduled Caste. Caste system in India is based on occupation. But the Dusadh caste is the only caste that does not have an occupation assigned to it. This is because they were a migratory population, and by the time they reached the UP/Bihar region, they were very destitute and did not own any land (which of course is the exact same situation all coolies that came to Mauritius faced). Dusadh is also known as Paswan, which means guardian soldier. Similar to the nomadic Gypsies of Europe, by the time the Guhilot Rajputs reached and settled in Uttar Pradesh (and Bihar), they were treated as outsiders and because they did not have material possessions, they were considered poor. Some of the Dusadh folks found it hard to integrate, and became bandits and associated themselves in robbery and dacoitery. They seldom gave importance to education because of their glorious history (warriors need little education, if at all). As time progressed, their economic situation deteriorated and in 1950 the Bihar government considered them as a Scheduled Caste (meaning they needed socio-economic help in terms of reservations for seats in education and workforce).

    Gehlot Rajputs are at the pinnacle of the social strata in Rajasthan. As and when they migrated, they kept more or less the same status throughout most of Norther India. However, those who reached UP/Bihar branched off into two: those who were able to acquire land/property became zamindar thakurs, and those who found it difficult to integrate became very backward socio-economically. These Dusadh Rajputs (unconquerable soldiers and sons of kings) fought off and gave off everything to protect India from the Moghul invasion. The fact that some of them are now at bottom of the social ladder is testament to the fact that property and land is a great indication of the economic status of a clan.

    Now coming back to Mauritius. The Sardars and Zamindars who enjoyed higher status in Bihar flocked together to become the Baboojee gentry. Some of the Sirdars added Singh to their last names or middle names – e.g. Dina became Dinasing, Tilak became Tilaksing, Hazaree Sardar became Hazaree Singh, etc. – this Singh name is a practice for Rajputs and Panjabis in general. Some of the Rajput Dusadhs (about 5%) that arrived were quickly able to acquire wealth and land through individual perseverance and education. With upward social mobility, they aggregated with the Sirdars/Zamindar caste (now known as Baboojees).

    The remaining 95% of the Dusadhs shared the same fate as their brethrens in UP/Bihar and continued to live in very poor and destitute conditions up until independence. Being at the bottom of the ladder together with the Vaish amalgamated caste and the Raviveds (chamars and mushars mostly), the Rajputs (Dusadh) were often discriminated against by the Maraz and Baboojee landed gentry who were the most educated and acquired most of the top positions in civil service. The definitive markers for this status-based delimitation was wealth, education, which in turn led to a higher social status.

    The Dusadh clan of Guhilot Rajupts, as any Rajput clan worth its name, considers the Hindu Goddess Mata Bhawani as its primordial protector. However, the advent of Arya Samaj in Mauritius caused the Vaish, Rajput and Ravived castes to shun their original/tribal belief system and believe in a very particular idol-less monotheistic path of the Vedas which is preached by Swami Dayanand of the Arya Samaj movement. Whether such a system is right or wrong is up for debate, but almost 90% of Rajputs in Mauritius no longer recognize Mata Bhawani/Durga as their protector and Raja Ram Chandra Ji as their ultimate guide.

    In Bihar, the Dusadh/Paswan community is still a backwards community where education is not given its importance, and upwards mobility is still a long arduous march ahead. But at least they are true to their Kshatriya identity and even if they don’t possess much wealth, they still retain the customs and traditions of their Rajput heritage: Durga Mata Mandirs are found everywhere in the community, Raja Ram Chandra Ji Ki Jai is their motto and war cry of their daily lives.

    So in a sense, the Dusadh cland of Rajputs of Mauritius are not real Rajputs in behavior or tradition. They are not kshatriya-like: instead of being supposed protectors of the dharma, they indulge in renouncing Mata Bhawani (Rajputs’ Protector Goddess) and Raja Ram Chandra Ji (who was the scion of the Suryavansh dynasty). Instead Rajputs of Mauritius have a narrow judgement and interpretation of the Vedas, and some are involved in destruction of Mahabiswamis for Lord Hanuman (who was Lord Rama’s most valiant senapati).

    You cannot have the pie and eat it too. Yes, the Dusadh people from Uttar Pradesh/Bihar are one of the 24 clans of the Guhilot Rajputs, which in turn was founded by Bappa Rawal from the Suryavansh dynasty. But if Rajputs in Mauritius shun their culture and no longer protect the Sanatan Dharma that their ancestors were sworn to protect, they can call themselves any name. No one will really care for that matter.

    Vijay Rathore
    A Rajput from Jodhpur, India
    (now settled 30 years in Mauritius)

    Sources:
    1. The Indian origin of paternal haplogroup R1a1* substantiates the autochthonous origin of the caste system – http://www.nature.com/jhg/journal/v54/n1/fig_tab/jhg20082t1.html
    2. People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part One edited by A Hasan & J C Das pages 464 to 469
    3. Karkra, B. K. (2009). Rani Padmini The Heroine Of Chittor – Rajput Lineages
    4. The Economic Times of India – Article on Ram Villas Paswan, former Union Minister from Bihar
    5. Nested Identities:Ethnicity, Community and the Nature of Group Conflict in Mauritius: http://arinave.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/Nested-Identities.pdf
    6. Sean Carrey – Caste Matters in Mauritius: http://anthropologyworks.com/index.php/2011/07/02/caste-matters-in-mauritius/
    7. Temples of India, Prabhakat Prakashan
    8. 30 Years of Living Experience in Mauritius as an Indian by birth

    1. Thank you Rathore jee, i like your comment, i have a question here if it is true incident then why not it is published in school level history book in India/indian History in outside of the country. I searched caste system of states Rajasthan there is no evidence,Dusadh as Rajput and i am surprised when i saw , state’s caste list there is not mention “dusadh” as general caste or Rajput. I mean to say that Rajasthan government did not include them in their state’s caste list.

  15. it is clearly stated by James Todd in his book annals and antiquities of Rajasthan that dusadh is the 21 st gotra of gehilot Rajput and at time he wrote his book this clan was almost extinct in Rajasthan.

  16. Thank you so much Mr Vijay Rathore for throwing light on this issue. I totally agree with you that Dusadhs are part and parcel of the Rajput clans. I have been to Delhi and Rajasthan thrice and made research on the origin and history of Dusadhs and I am proud to say I am Dusadh and so, Rajput. Today, the Rajput Council Mauritius is affiliated to the All India Kshatriya Federation which provides evidence that we Dusadhs are welcome to the Kshatriya family because we are true Rajputs, not amalgamated like others in Mauritius. Dusadhs names in Mauritius that are associated with the Rajput clans in India are Badooreea (Badauria), Bysooa (Baisoa), Jaipal (Pal), Sahadew (Sahadeva), to name but a few.

    Caste system in Mauritius has undoubtedly, and maliciously as well as strategically, been distorted for political reasons. Many in Mauritius who claim to belong to upper caste are in fact considered lower caste in India where caste system originated. I would kindly request them to know who and what they are first instead of labelling others lower caste.

    1. I am pradip kumar paswan from India. On this matter i checked the caste list of state Rajasthan there i could not found dusad’s in the state list of Rajasthan as Rajput i mean to say there is not mention dusadh. So we could not say that dusadh’s forefather belong from Rajasthan.

      1. In March 1997, while travelling by train from Delhi to Rajasthan, I came across a certain Karansingh Chauhan from Barmer district. I introduced myself as lower-caste dusadh from Mauritius. The Chauhan Rajput protested and said “Kya bol rahe ho bhai saab, Dusadh hamare gaon mein hai, wo rajput hai aur kshatriya hai.” I was so delighted to hear this truth from a Chauhan Rajput based in Rajasthan.

        Later, I met Shri Devisingh Mandawa in Jaipur who is no more and who was a historian. His book on Rajput history mentions dusadh as a branch of the Guhilots.

        All Rajput associations in Rajasthan has, with pleasure, acknowledged dusadhs as Rajputs.

        In March 2004, I delivered a good speech at Chittaurgarh in front of thousands of Rajputs during the celebration of the annual Jauhar function in the presence of very eminent personalities such as Chief Minister HH Vasundhara Raje and HH Maharaja Gajsingh of Umaid Bhawan Palace.

        In May 1998, I received Mr Sheshnathsingh from Uttar Pradesh at my place who shared lunch with me and my family. He was then the owner/principal of Maharana Pratap Public College.

        Rajputs in Mauritius have progressed a lot in almost all fields of the economy. We request Rajputs in Bihar/Uttar Pradesh to openly welcome dusadhs in their milieu since the latter are real Rajputs and they need to be supported and loved. Time has changed and the benefit of Rajputs in Bihar lies in accepting the dusadhs as brothers. Do not play to lose, play to win.

        Mr Rathore is intelligent.

  17. In India only Brahmins had Varna system, others had Jati system. Most powerful empires, ruling dynasties and landholders in India have always been low castes. See Maurya’s, Shalivahana Andhra, Rashtrakutas, Aheer, Yadav Pandian, Baroda, Gwalior etc. British imposed Varna in 1901 on full Hindu population for census and since then it gained in importance as a political tool for creating readymade constituency. But it’s a fictional concept to think indians were really divided by Varna. They were organised by Jati, which were changeable and whose status fluctuated according to their power and fortune. Passi who are now SC were warriors and rulers of central UP who had crushed and stopped Ghaznavi armies. Now they have forgotten their past, like the Dosadhs. Thanks to democracy.

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